Asset Allocation is a method of diversification which positions assets among major investment categories. Asset Allocation may be used in an effort to manage risk and enhance returns. It does not, however, guarantee a profit or protect against loss.
Currency Risk is a form of risk that arises from the change in price of one currency against another. Whenever investors or companies have assets or business operations across national borders, they face currency risk if their positions are not hedged.
The values of debt securities may decrease as a result of many factors, including, by way of example, general market fluctuations; increases in interest rates; actual or perceived inability or unwillingness of issuers, guarantors or liquidity providers to make scheduled principal or interest payments; illiquidity in debt securities markets; and prepayments of principal, which often must be reinvested in obligations paying interest at lower rates.
The Fund is subject to substantially the same risks as those associated with the direct ownership of the securities or other assets represented by the exchange-traded products ("ETPs") in which the Fund invests. The shares of certain ETPs may trade at a premium or discount to their net asset value.
Increase in real interest rates can cause the price of inflation-protected debt securities to decrease. Interest payments on inflation-protected debt securities can be unpredictable.
Companies with large market capitalizations go in and out of favor based on market and economic conditions. Larger companies tend to be less volatile than companies with smaller market capitalizations. In exchange for this potentially lower risk, the value of the security may not rise as much as companies with smaller market capitalizations.
The use of leverage, as part of the investment process, can multiply market movements into greater changes in an investment's value, thus resulting in increased volatility of returns.
Thinly traded securities may be difficult to liquidate without taking a significant discount from current market value.
Investments in asset backed and mortgage backed securities are subject to prepayment risk which can limit the potential for gain during a declining interest rate environment and increases the potential for loss in a rising interest rate environment.
Investing in REITs involves certain distinct risks in addition to those risks associated with investing in the real estate industry in general. Equity REITs may be affected by changes in the value of the underlying property owned by the REITs, while mortgage REITs may be affected by the quality of credit extended. REITs are subject to heavy cash flow dependency, default by borrowers and self-liquidation. REITs, especially mortgage REITs, are also subject to interest rate risk (i.e., as interest rates rise, the value of the REIT may decline).
Investments in small/mid-sized companies may involve greater risks than in those of larger, better known companies.
Assumptions and forecasts used by SSgA FM in developing the Fund's asset allocation glide path may not be in line with future capital market returns and participant savings activities, which could result in losses near, at or after the target date year or could result in the Fund not providing adequate income at and through retirement.
Investing in high yield fixed income securities, otherwise known as "junk bonds", is considered speculative and involves greater risk of loss of principal and interest than investing in investment grade fixed income securities. These Lower-quality debt securities involve greater risk of default or price changes due to potential changes in the credit quality of the issuer.
SSGA Target Date Funds are designed for investors expecting to retire around the year indicated in each fund's name. When choosing a Fund, investors should consider whether they anticipate retiring significantly earlier or later than age 65, even if such investors retire on or near a fund's approximate target date. There may be other considerations relevant to Target Date Fund selection and investors should select the fund that best meets their individual circumstances and investment goals. The funds' asset allocation strategy becomes increasingly conservative as it approaches the target date and beyond. The investment risks of each Target Date Fund change over time as its asset allocation changes.
International Government bonds and corporate bonds generally have more moderate short-term price fluctuations than stocks, but provide lower potential long-term returns.
ETFs trade like stocks, are subject to investment risk, fluctuate in market value and may trade at prices above or below the ETFs net asset value. Brokerage commissions and ETF expenses will reduce returns.
Derivative investments may involve risks such as potential illiquidity of the markets and additional risk of loss of principal.
Foreign investments involve greater risks than U.S. investments, including political and economic risks and the risk of currency fluctuations, all of which may be magnified in emerging markets.
International markets entail different risks than those typically associated with domestic markets, including foreign currency fluctuation, political and economic instability, accounting changes and foreign taxation. These risks can be increased when investing in emerging markets securities.
Risk associated with equity investing include stock values which may fluctuate in response to the activities of individual companies and general market and economic conditions.