Spotting Trends: 3 Sectors to Consider in Q4

In the final quarter of 2019, we suggest three sectors for consideration: security defense, the housing market, and health care.

Tactical positioning in these sector-based strategies may provide a pocket of opportunity for investors.

Matthew J. Bartolini, CFA
Head of SPDR Americas Research, State Street Global Advisors

As investors scour the landscape for return-generating opportunities, being able to spot trends is a significant advantage. However, it’s not enough to simply spot overarching market shifts or dynamics. True opportunity lies in using specialized, industry-specific knowledge to capitalize on market events, macro trends, and other changes.

As we enter the final quarter of 2019, we see three opportunities where we believe investors can benefit from tactical positioning in sector-based strategies.

1. Add advanced security defense to portfolios
As businesses have become more dependent on the digital economy and the internet for their day-to-day operations and long-term growth, cyberattacks and data fraud or theft are now two of the top five risks CEOs are most likely to face.1 Global spending on information security is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 9.2% between 2018 and 2022, reaching $133.8 billion.2

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Source: IDC Worldwide Semiannual Security Spending Guide, 20191H.

The nature of warfare and border security threats has also evolved, driving the increase in government spending on militarized AI and unmanned and autonomous capabilities to protect national security. Worldwide spending on militarized artificial intelligence (AI) is projected to rise to $118 billion by 2023.3

Firms specializing on the cutting edge of security in cyberspace and geospace may benefit from the increasing demand for security services and technology. Relative to a traditional aerospace and defense exposure, which is 100% allocated to industrial firms, the SPDR® S&P Kensho Future Security ETF (FITE) is 37% allocated to Software & Services firms and 18% allocated to technology hardware, better harnessing future developments in national and enterprise security.4

2. Capture the potential rebound in housing markets
Last year, homebuilders underperformed the broad market by nearly 30% as rising interest rates dampened the demand of homebuyers. However, headwinds are turning into tailwinds this year. Falling 30-year mortgage rates and the Federal Reserve’s dovish monetary stance have boosted housing activity and homebuilder sentiment and lifted homebuilder stocks, as shown in the chart below.

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Source: Bloomberg Finance, L.P., as of 08/30/2019. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results.

The total of new and existing home sales has rebounded from the bottom since January and exceeded the previous peak in June 2017.5 Homebuilder sentiment, as measured by the NAHB/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index, picked up for the sixth straight month.6 These positive industry trends helped homebuilders deliver upbeat earnings results in Q2 and drove positive estimate revisions for 2019 and 2020.7

A strong labor market, rising wages, and favorable demographic changes are likely to continue supporting housing demand and homebuilders’ earnings growth. The homebuilders’ comeback may still have legs, as the industry is trading within the bottom quartile over the past 10 years based on trailing and forward price-to-earnings.8

To position for the decline in home-financing cost and supportive housing trends, investors can consider an allocation to SPDR S&P® Homebuilders ETF (XHB).

3. Make a value play with a defensive nature
Health Care has been the worst-performing sector in 2019, as regulatory pressures related to drug pricing, insurance, and the opioid crisis have increased as the election draws nearer. This has weighed down the sector’s valuations to the lowest level since 2016 and made it the least expensive sector in the S&P 500® Index.9

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Source: FactSet, as of 09/25/2019. EPS growth estimates are based on Consensus Analyst Estimates compiled by FactSet.

Despite these issues, the sector has delivered strong growth and beaten analyst expectations by a large margin during the first two quarters of 2019. That’s expected to continue, with Health Care predicted to post positive growth for the rest of 2019. On the other hand, earnings growth in the broader market has turned negative, with continuous downward revision amid global trade uncertainty and economic slowdown.

Thanks to its noncyclical business, Health Care historically outperformed the broader market in six of seven US recessions by an average of 10% and in eight of 11 slowdowns by an average of 5% on a cumulative basis since 1960. This provides a strong defensive exposure in the current slowdown environment.10 The recent impeachment inquiry into President Donald Trump might derail the bipartisan efforts to lower drug prices, partially reducing the near-term regulatory risk and potentially helping investors position defensively heading to the year-end.

For investors seeking to add defensive exposures with strong earnings sentiment but without overpaying for valuations, consider an allocation to the Health Care sector with the Heath Care Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLV).

To learn more about emerging sector investing opportunities, read our quarterly piece, Sectors & Industries: Spotting Trends or visit our dedicated sector webpage.


The Global Risks Report 2019, World Economic Forum.

IDC, Worldwide Semiannual Security Spending Guide, March 2019.

IDC Worldwide Semiannual Artificial Intelligence Systems Spending Guide 2018H2.

FactSet, as of 09/31/2019.

FactSet, as of 09/25/2019.

National Association of Home Builders, 09/17/2019.

FactSet, as of 09/25/2019.

FactSet, as of 08/31/2019.

FactSet, as of 09/25/2019, based on the 15-year percentile ranking of forward price-to-earnings ratio.

10 Sector Business Analysis, State Street Global Advisors, November 2018.


Price-To-Earnings Ratio (P/E)
A valuation metric using the ratio of the company’s current stock price versus its earnings per share.

S&P Homebuilder Select Industry Index
This index represents the homebuilders segment of the S&P Total Market Index ("S&P TMI"). The S&P TMI is designed to track the broad U.S. equity market. The homebuilders segment of the S&P TMI comprises the Homebuilding sub-industry.

S&P 500 Index
A popular benchmark for US large-cap equities that includes 500 companies from leading industries and captures approximately 80% coverage of available market capitalization.


Because of their narrow focus, sector investing tends to be more volatile than investments that diversify across many sectors and companies.

Concentrated investments in a particular sector or industry tend to be more volatile than the overall market and increases risk that events negatively affecting such sectors or industries could reduce returns, potentially causing the value of the Fund’s shares to decrease.

Passively managed funds invest by sampling the Index, holding a range of securities that, in the aggregate, approximates the full Index in terms of key risk factors and other characteristics. This may cause the fund to experience tracking errors relative to performance of the Index.

Select Sector SPDR Funds bear a higher level of risk than more broadly diversified funds. All ETFs are subject to risk, including the possible loss of principal. Sector ETFs products are also subject to sector risk and nondiversification risk, which generally results in greater price fluctuations than the overall market.

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Technology companies, including cyber security companies, can be significantly affected by obsolescence of existing technology, limited product lines, and competition for financial resources, qualified personnel, new market entrants or impairmentof patent and intellectual property rights that can adversely affect profit margins.