Bid-Ask Spread The difference between the highest price a buyer is willing to pay for an asset and the lowest price the seller will accept to sell. Bid-ask spreads are a key measure of the liquidity of an asset or security.
Liquidity The ability to quickly buy or sell an investment in the market without impacting its price. Trading volume is a primary determinant of liquidity.
VIX The SPX Volatility Index, also called the VIX or the CBOE Volatility Index, is a measure of the market's expectation of 30-day volatility. It is constructed using the implied volatilities of a wide range of S&P 500 index options.
Important Risk Information
The information provided does not constitute investment advice and it should not be relied on as such. It should not be considered a solicitation to buy or an offer to sell a security. It does not take into account any investor's particular investment objectives, strategies, tax status or investment horizon. You should consult your tax and financial advisor.
Bonds generally present less short-term risk and volatility than stocks, but contain interest rate risk (as interest rates raise, bond prices usually fall); issuer default risk; issuer credit risk; liquidity risk; and inflation risk. These effects are usually pronounced for longer-term securities. Any fixed income security sold or redeemed prior to maturity may be subject to a substantial gain or loss.
Equity securities may fluctuate in value and can decline significantly in response to the activities of individual companies and general market and economic conditions.
Because of their narrow focus, sector investing tends to be more volatile than investments that diversify across many sectors and companies.
Frequent trading of ETFs could significantly increase commissions and other costs such that they may offset any savings from low fees or costs.
There can be no assurance that a liquid market will be maintained for ETF shares.
Investing involves risk including the risk of loss of principal.
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Diversification does not ensure a profit or guarantee against loss.
ETFs trade like stocks, are subject to investment risk, fluctuate in market value and may trade at prices above or below the ETFs net asset value. Brokerage commissions and ETF expenses will reduce returns.
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