Smart beta investing seeks to provide a cost-effective, rules-based strategy to potentially outperform a traditional market cap-weighted benchmark. Smart beta ETFs are designed to capture specific factors, or investment characteristics, that drive risk and return — and can do so in a relatively low-cost, systematic manner.
Factors — characteristics such as value, quality, size, momentum, volatility and dividend yield — can drive a portfolio’s excess return above a market cap-weighted benchmark as illustrated throughout extensive academic and practical research.1
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Six primary factors have historically outperformed the market cap-weighted benchmark. Harnessing the potential of smart beta requires understanding the screens or tilts that can be used to access these factors.
Investors can use single-factor smart beta ETFs to add exposures one at a time based on their market views or needs. This approach can make it easier to attribute performance more precisely and allow investors to tailor the implementation to their specific beliefs and objectives.
Multi-factor smart beta ETFs combine two or more factors to capture a variety of factor risk premia and achieve a diversified exposure. This approach can allow investors to take advantage of diversification benefits across factors while potentially removing some of the performance cyclicality associated with single-factor investments. It also allows investors to address multiple objectives in a cost-efficient way.
State Street’s SPDR smart beta ETFs are built in partnership with the world’s leading index providers and fueled by expertise that comes from more than 25 years of smart beta experience. We pay rigorous attention to the many details — from design to execution — that can add up to important performance and diversification benefits for investors.
Across a range of smart beta strategies, our ETFs allow investors to target factor premia that can deliver superior risk-adjusted returns.
1 State Street Global Advisors, 2021.
A Smart Beta strategy does not seek to replicate the performance of a specified cap-weighted index and as such may underperform such an index. The factors to which a Smart Beta strategy seeks to deliver exposure may themselves undergo cyclical performance. As such, a Smart Beta strategy may underperform the market or other Smart Beta strategies exposed to similar or other targeted factors. In fact, we believe that factor premia accrue over the long term (5-10 years), and investors must keep that long time horizon in mind when investing.
Investing involves risk including the risk of loss of principal.
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Diversification does not ensure a profit or guarantee against loss.