- Recent market volatility has left equity investors with few opportunities for protection and questioning the stability of dividend income streams.
- We believe that strategies such as the Dividend Aristocrats, which focus on dividend stability, could be well positioned for the current environment
Dividend Strategy Performance Remains Challenged
The coordinated nature of recent equity market pullbacks has adversely affected the selective nature of the Dividend Aristocrats index strategies. During broad sell-offs, it’s harder for defensive smart beta funds to provide the same downside protection they have historically demonstrated. The recent market pullback saw the MSCI World Index sell off 30.67% in less than a month (28 days). During this decline, the difference between the best performing sector (Consumer Staples) and the market was only 13.58%.1
The speed and narrowness of this market pullback, as well as the large accumulation of cash holdings, suggests a market that is not trading on fundamentals. The few stocks that have delivered relatively strong performance have an idiosyncratic benefit tied to the short-term reaction to the COVID-19 outbreak. This was largely concentrated in the Consumer Staples, Technology and Health Care sectors.
Specific names in Consumer Staples benefitted from a stockpiling of household goods ahead of global societal shutdowns to combat further spread of the virus. During the 28-day pull back in MSCI World, the Household & Personal Products Industry Group only sold off 8.57%. Meanwhile, specific growth stocks in Technology (work-from-home plays) and Health Care (drug/treatment development) provided some benefit to the market cap weighted benchmarks relative to dividend yield factor indices
We believe factor investors should position for a market that will resume trading on longer-term fundamentals. As the economic disruptions of the global pandemic continue to threaten dividends, the Dividend Aristocrats methodology is uniquely suited to target the most stable dividend payers.
Some sectors have been hit especially hard in the downturn. Energy stocks have collapsed as a result of falling demand and a lack of coordinated production cuts. Even the largest, best capitalised Energy firms, with impressive track records of established dividend programs, have not been immune to pullbacks. Many investors expect these firms to recover once we see resolution in the economic imbalance, provided they can continue to service debt. In the short term, investors worry that firms will need to cut dividend payments.
On 7 April, Exxon2 announced it was embarking on a plan to cut its capital spending by 30% in order to combat oil price headwinds, which have hurt the stock price. Importantly, the CEO reaffirmed the company’s commitment to supporting the dividend program, even if it required the use of its balance sheet to support the cash distributions.3 While this is somewhat anecdotal, is does highlight the primary selection criteria of the S&P High Yield Dividend Aristocrats Index – companies that have followed a managed-dividends policy of consistently increasing dividends every year for at least 20 years.
Figures 3-5 (appendix) contain detailed attribution (by sector) of the performance of US, eurozone and UK dividend exposures during the recent pullback.
European Regulators Move to Encourage Suspending Dividend Payments
In an environment where increasing social disruption has shocked the real economy, income investors are increasingly concerned about dividend stability. The drop in consumer demand at a time of high corporate debt levels has caused many investors to question whether companies will continue to generate the cash flows needed to return regular cash dividends to shareholders.
Additionally, as government bodies step in to help businesses weather the storm, some are explicitly calling for those businesses to hoard cash by suspending dividends to investors. On 27 March, the European Central Bank issued a recommendation to European banks to refrain from making dividend distributions until at least 1 October 2020.4
The Bank of England issued a similar request to UK banks at the end of March, which the country’s largest banks agreed to obey. Although, the regulator acknowledged that they “do not expect the capital preserved to be needed by the banks in order to maintain adequate capital positions,” in a statement issued on 31 March.5
While these regulatory actions will impact the dividend capacity of European banks, across the United Kingdom and eurozone, the SPDR® S&P® Euro Dividend Aristocrats UCITS ETF (13.3% Financials) and SPDR® S&P® UK Dividend Aristocrats UCITS ETF (27.1% Financials) may experience less of a threat to their dividends. The Financials exposure in each of these funds is largely skewed towards the insurance (Euro 13.3% and UK 8.25%) and capital markets (UK 16.4%) industries, which may have more capacity to maintain dividends.6
The foundation of the Dividend Aristocrats strategies is the long-term dividend track record. For this reason, while constituents in these strategies will not be immune from dividend cuts, it is as important as ever that investors recognise the value of dividend stability. This family of indices is uniquely positioned for the current environment, as it selects companies where the management teams have a demonstrated commitment of seeking to preserve regular cash dividends.
The Dividend Aristocrats Methodology Targets Dividend Stability
The primary stock selection component of the Dividend Aristocrats family of strategies is long-term track record (5-20 consecutive years) of maintaining (or raising) the regular cash dividend delivered to shareholders. Figure 2 (below) provides a detailed overview of the index construction.
In addition to this high standard of dividend stability for stock selection, the methodology also includes a process called Monthly Dividend Review, as part of the index maintenance rules. This process is designed to remove companies at month-end that meet either of the following conditions, on the applicable reference date:8
• The constituent stock publicly announces a suspension or cancellation of its dividend program.
• The constituent stock lowers but does not eliminate its dividend, and its new yield is significantly lower than the lowest yielding constituent.
In the event a stock is removed as a result of the Monthly Dividend Review, the stock is replaced at month-end (in the case of the Euro and UK strategies) or during the next annual reconstitution (US, Global, Pan Asia and Emerging Markets). The decision to remove any index constituent sits with the S&P Dow Jones Indices (“S&P DJI”) Index Committee.
In a FAQ published by S&P DJI on 31 March 2020, the index provider issued some important clarifications on the application of their index methodology, given the current market environment. S&P DJI will continue to reconstitute its dividend indices according to the published index methodology.
Many of the indices have specified target constituent counts and additional weighting rules for diversification included in their rebalance processes documented in their applicable methodologies. In the event the rules as detailed in the index methodology cannot be met, the Index Committee will review the results and determine if discretion needs to be exercised to ensure the applicable Index continues to meet its stated objective.10
For more information on the ETFs referenced in this note, including full performance histories, please view their fund pages:
1Source: State Street Global Advisors, FactSet as of 31 March 2020.
2Exxon Mobil Corporation (XOM-US) is the 9th largest holding in the SPDR® S&P® U.S. Dividend Aristocrats UCITS ETF. Source: State Street Global Advisors, spdrs.com as of 6 April 2020.
3Stevens, Pippa (CNBC). Markets: Exxon cuts capital spending by 30%, but CEO says it’s ‘committed to maintaining’ dividend, published 7th April 2020. (Link) 4Lagarde, Christine (ECB). Recommendation of the European Central Bank of 27 March 2020.
5Bank of England. PRA statement on deposit takers’ approach to dividend payments, share buybacks and cash bonuses in response to Covid-19, published 31 March 2020.
6Source: State Street Global Advisors, ssga.com as of 6 April 2020.
7Please refer to each index methodology for the specific details of the Monthly Dividend Review.
8The decision to remove an index constituent is based on information publicly announced by the company as of seven (7) business days prior to month-end.
9Euro and UK ONLY: The replacement stock is the highest ranked eligible non-constituent using data as of the last business day of the previous month. Replacement stocks are added at the same weight as the stock it is replacing.
10S&P Dow Jones Indices FAQ March 2020.
Marketing Communication. For Professional Client Use Only.
For Investors in Austria: The offering of SPDR ETFs by the Company has been notified to the Financial Markets Authority (FMA) in accordance with section 139 of the Austrian Investment Funds Act. Prospective investors may obtain the current sales Prospectus, the articles of incorporation, the KIID as well as the latest annual and semi-annual report free of charge from State Street Global Advisors GmbH, Brienner Strasse 59, D-80333 Munich. T: +49 (0)89-55878-400. F+49 (0)89-55878-440.
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The information provided does not constitute investment advice. It should not be considered a solicitation to buy or an offer to sell any investment. It does not take into account any investor’s or potential investor’s particular investment objectives, strategies, tax status, risk appetite or investment horizon. If you require investment advice you should consult your tax and financial or other professional advisor. All information is from SSGA unless otherwise noted and has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but its accuracy is not guaranteed. There is no representation or warranty as to the current accuracy, reliability or completeness of, nor liability for, decisions based on such information and it should not be relied on as such.
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A Smart Beta strategy does not seek to replicate the performance of a specified cap-weighted index and as such may underperform such an index. The factors to which a Smart Beta strategy seeks to deliver exposure may themselves undergo cyclical performance. As such, a Smart Beta strategy may underperform the market or other Smart Beta strategies exposed to similar or other targeted factors. In fact, we believe that factor premia accrue over the long term (5–10 years), and investors must keep that long time horizon in mind when investing.
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Information related to Mexico
This information does not constitute and is not intended to constitute marketing or an offer of securities and accordingly should not be construed as such. The Funds referenced herein have not been, and will not be, registered under the Mexican Securities Market Law (Ley del Mercado de Valores) and may not be publicly offered or sold in the United Mexican States. Disclosure documentation related to any of the aforementioned Funds may not be distributed publicly in Mexico and shares of the Funds may not be traded in Mexico.
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