Using ESG to inform better decision-making starts with the right data. With increased transparency and improved reporting, investors now have access to more insights than ever before to understand their exposures, take action to achieve their investment goals and monitor progress.
Our proprietary ESG scoring system draws on data from multiple providers, the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB)’s respected materiality framework and relevant corporate governance codes to generate a unique ESG score for 6,600 public companies.
Why we Built R-Factor™
At State Street Global Advisors, we believe that the consideration of financially material ESG factors in the investment process is an integral part of honoring our fiduciary duty. We believe doing so is our responsibility, and so we've built the Responsibility-Factor, or "R-Factor™," score.
R-Factor™ is an ESG scoring system that draws on multiple data sources and leverages widely accepted, transparent materiality frameworks to generate a unique ESG score for listed companies.
Quality data about companies’ ESG practices is critical for effective investment analysis, but the lack of standardization and transparency in ESG reporting and scoring presents major challenges for investors. R-Factor™ was built to solve for the data quality problem and to remove opaqueness around ESG materiality in the scoring process.
In doing so, R-Factor™ is designed to build more sustainable capital markets.
Defining Characteristics of R-Factor™
R-Factor™ is designed around four core pillars:
Focus On Financial Materiality
For investors to be able to fully trust and integrate ESG scoring into their investment process, they must have confidence that the ESG considerations are material and have a demonstrated link to sustainable long-term value creation. R-Factor™ draws on frameworks that are widely supported by other investors, thereby sending a unified message to companies and investors about which ESG factors are material to a company’s performance and are therefore important to disclose.
Commonly accepted, transparent frameworks
We selected the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) materiality map as well as national and/or investor-developed corporate governance codes, because they are transparent frameworks supported by large numbers of investors.
Multiple Data Sources
R-Factor™ is powered by the raw metrics from four different data providers. This approach increases the overall coverage of our data set, filling in the gaps that exist with any one data provider. Using the inputs from multiple providers also reduces the potential biases that may be built into a provider’s methodology.
R-Factor™ is fully integrated into and supported by the efforts of our Asset Stewardship team. We disclose companies’ R-Factor™ scores, as well as the underlying basis for those scores, through our engagements with portfolio companies. This gives boards and management teams a roadmap for the specific dimensions that investors are evaluating to assess a company’s sustainability efforts. It also helps companies identify which metrics to disclose and manage to improve future scores, creating a positive feedback loop in the market.
Supporting Sustainable Capital Markets
R-Factor™ supports the development of sustainable capital markets by giving investors the ability to invest in ESG solutions that integrate financially material ESG data while incentivizing companies to improve their ESG practices and disclosure in areas that matter.
R-Factor™ offers clear guidance to boards and management teams on which ESG topics to focus on and disclose to investors. In doing so, this is the first ESG scoring system to offer companies a roadmap on which ESG practices to focus on managing and disclosing in order to enhance their scores and improve investors’ view of their ESG performance.
By investing in ESG solutions powered by R-Factor™, investors have the opportunity to ensure their capital is being allocated to companies that are focusing on managing and mitigating financially material ESG risks.
SPDR ETF is the exchange traded funds ("ETF") platform of State Street Global Advisors and is comprised of funds that have been authorised by European regulatory authorities as open-ended UCITS investment companies. SPDR ETFs may not be available or suitable for you.
ETFs trade like stocks, are subject to investment risk, fluctuate in market value and may trade at prices above or below the ETFs net asset value. Brokerage commissions and ETF expenses will reduce returns.
Changes in exchange rates may have an adverse effect on the value, price or income of an investment. Further, there is no guarantee an ETF will achieve its investment objective.
SHARES IN THE FUNDS OF THE SPDR® ETF SICAV, SSGA SPDR ETFS EUROPE I AND SSGA SPDR ETFS EUROPE II PLC MAY NOT BE AVAILABLE FOR OR SUITABLE FOR YOU. THE VIEWS EXPRESSED IN THIS SITE DO NOT CONSTITUTE INVESTMENT ADVICE. INDEPENDENT ADVICE SHOULD BE SOUGHT IN CASES OF DOUBT. NEITHER THE INFORMATION NOR ANY OPINION CONTAINED ON THIS SITE CONSTITUTES A SOLICITATION OR OFFER TO BUY OR SELL SHARES OF THE FUNDS OR ANY OTHER FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT.
Standard & Poor's®, S&P® and SPDR® are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC (S&P); Dow Jones is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC (Dow Jones); and these trademarks have been licensed for use by S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC (SPDJI) and sublicensed for certain purposes by State Street Corporation. State Street Corporation's financial products are not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by SPDJI, Dow Jones, S&P, their respective affiliates and third party licensors and none of such parties make any representation regarding the advisability of investing in such product(s) nor do they have any liability in relation thereto, including for any errors, omissions, or interruptions of any index.
SPDR ETFs may be offered and sold only in those jurisdictions where authorised, in compliance with applicable regulations.
Information related to Mexico
This information does not constitute and is not intended to constitute marketing or an offer of securities and accordingly should not be construed as such. The Funds referenced herein have not been, and will not be, registered under the Mexican Securities Market Law (Ley del Mercado de Valores) and may not be publicly offered or sold in the United Mexican States. Disclosure documentation related to any of the aforementioned Funds may not be distributed publicly in Mexico and shares of the Funds may not be traded in Mexico.
You should obtain and read a prospectus and KIID relating to the SPDR ETFs prior to investing. Further information and the prospectus/KIID describing the characteristics, costs and risks of SPDR ETFs are available for residents of countries where SPDR ETFs are authorised for sale on the SPDRs website and from your local SSGA office.