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Weekly Market Update

The Growing US Budget Deficit

Head of North American Investment Strategy & Research

Insight of the Week

  • A government budget deficit and surplus are defined as the difference between government revenue and government spending.
  • These deficits/surpluses usually fluctuate based on the health of the economy and governments may increase spending during recession to spur economic recovery, creating even deeper deficits.
  • During recession, reduced consumer spending typically leads to less business revenue, which can lead to higher unemployment.
  • To dampen these ill effects, governments try to stimulate consumer spending either through tax cuts or fiscal policy, creating more jobs and reducing unemployment.
  • When the economy eventually recovers it becomes more self-reliant and needs less government support.
  • Less government spending eases the budget deficit.

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