Securities lending has become a focal point in the fiercely competitive investment management industry. A well-managed lending program can provide a fund with precious additional returns. However, complexity and a lack of transparency can make an objective comparison among programs difficult to achieve.
Asset owners and their consultants should understand and evaluate three key dimensions when comparing asset managers’ securities lending programs:
Use these questions to ensure you can make an “apples to apples” comparison and determine the lending program most suited to your investment objectives.
Securities lending returns are relatively straightforward to assess. Generally, returns are expressed in basis points and represent the net annual lending return to the fund divided by net assets in the fund. However, as with most investments, returns often reflect risk in the program, and should be considered along with the objectives and risk tolerances of the program.
It is important to confirm that return figures provided are net of all costs and fee splits, and are provided relative to total fund assets.
Questions to ask:
Are the returns indicated net of all fees? Are the returns expressed relative to total fund assets?
Is the program focused on intrinsic value of securities lending, or enhancing returns with aggressive reinvestment guidelines?
Does the fund benefit from preferential withholding rates for retirement funds on foreign dividends?
The risks associated with a securities lending program can be complex to identify and measure. Investors should understand and consider three primary types of risk associated with securities lending:
Reinvestment risk derives from the reinvestment of cash collateral received to secure a loan.
Borrower default risk derives from a borrower’s inability to return securities in accordance with agreed terms.
Operational risk derives from the increased transaction volumes and management complexity associated with a lending program.
Questions to ask:
Do your collateral reinvestment funds adhere to quality, maturity and diversification requirements set forth in Rule 2a-7?
What are the maximum weighted average life (WAL) and weighted average maturity (WAM), and other liquidity guidelines for the collateral reinvestment pools? What are the credit quality guidelines and permissible instruments for the reinvestment pool?
Do you accept non-cash collateral? What types of noncash collateral do you accept?
Is there borrower default indemnification? What entity provides it?
Do you have dynamic lending limits at the fund and position level? What determines those limits?
There can be significant costs associated with managing a securities lending program, and it is important to understand where the costs are borne, and who is receiving compensation. While the “fee split” is often the headline expense communicated by an investment manager, there are many ways this fee can be calculated.
Additionally, the “fee split” may not be the only expense paid in a lending program. There are often fees embedded within the cash reinvestment pool, or additional operational or administrative fees applied to the program either by the lending agent or the lending fund manager. This all needs to be understood to make an informed decision regarding a securities lending program.
Questions to ask:
What is the fee split with the lending agent? Are there other fees charged to the lending program?
Are all transactional costs borne by the lending agent? Does the lending fund manager charge any additional fees?
What are the total expenses of the cash collateral reinvestment vehicle?
Does the lending fund manager (or an affiliate) benefit from the fees charged to the reinvestment fund?
Are there any conflicts of interest inherent in the lending program?
Investing involves risk including the risk of loss of principal.
Securities lending programs and the subsequent reinvestment of the posted collateral are subject to a number of risks, including the risk that the value of the investments held in the collateral may decline in value and may at any point be worth less than the original cost of that investment. The value of the debt securities may increase or decrease as a result of the following: market fluctuations, increases in interest rates, inability of issuers to repay principal and interest or illiquidity in the debt securities markets; the risk of low rates of return due to reinvestment of securities during periods of falling interest rates or repayment by issuers with higher coupon or interest rates; and/or the risk of low income due to falling interest rates. To the extent that interest rates rise, certain underlying obligations may be paid off substantially slower than originally anticipated and the value of those securities may fall sharply. This may result in a reduction in income from debt securities income.
The information provided does not constitute investment advice and it should not be relied on as such.
All information has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but its accuracy is not guaranteed. There is no representation or warranty as to the current accuracy, reliability or completeness of, nor liability for, decisions based on such information and it should not be relied on as such.
The whole or any part of this work may not be reproduced, copied or transmitted or any of its contents disclosed to third parties without SSGA’s express written consent.
This information is for informational purposes only, not to be construed as investment advice or a recommendation or offer to buy or sell any security. Investors should always obtain and read an up-to-date investment services description or prospectus before deciding whether to appoint an investment manager or to invest in a fund. Any views expressed herein are those of the author(s), are based on available information, and are subject to change without notice. Individual portfolio management teams may hold different views and may make different investment decisions for different clients. There are no guarantees regarding the achievement of investment objectives, target returns, portfolio construction, allocations or measurements such as alpha, tracking error, stock weightings and other information ratios. The views and strategies described may not be suitable for all investors. SSGA does not provide tax or legal advice. Prospective investors should consult with a tax or legal advisor before making any investment decision. Investing entails risks and there can be no assurance that SSGA will achieve profits or avoid incurring losses.
Performance quoted represents past performance, which is no guarantee of future results. Investment return and principal value will fluctuate, so you may have a gain or loss when shares are sold. Current performance may be higher or lower than that quoted.
Images of NYSE Group, Inc. are used with permission of NYSE Group, Inc. Neither NYSE Group, Inc. nor its affiliated companies sponsor, approve of or endorse the contents of this program. Neither NYSE Group, Inc. nor its affiliated companies recommend or make any representation as to possible benefits from any securities or investments.