The Happiness Formula

From Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) statistics to the Melbourne Mercer Global Pension Index, there is extensive data measuring savings adequacy and retirement system effectiveness. While these studies provide a quantitative baseline and enable a common starting point, our goal is to look beyond quantitative measures to understand how people truly feel.

Guided by GR3 survey respondents’ retirement realities, we scrutinized the gap between saving sufficiency and sentiment and explored alternative variables to the happiness formula.
 

Trust

Today, many countries moving from a traditional Defined Benefit (DB) structure to a Defined Contribution (DC) model are experiencing transformational retirement reforms that are introducing confusion and doubt to savers; confusion around how the new systems work and doubt as to whether they do. While the systems themselves may be strong and the reforms directed toward public good, savers’ uncertainty erodes this critical dimension of trust.

Ownership

Beyond believing that the system works, workers must understand and embrace their role within it to truly gain the value that savings structures have to offer. Here, we are defining ownership of the retirement readiness experience not as investment mastery, but instead, as a willingness to be present and engaged in one’s retirement planning.

Within the GR3 survey, we asked a range of questions to ascertain attitudes regarding ownership, and distilled the results into three themes: responsibility, choice, and advice.

Responsibility
is the governing indicator for ownership and most evident in countries where the DC construct is well-established.


The level of savers’ choice is largely a factor of the savings system, meaning choice scores are higher in mature DC countries and lower in countries still in transition from guaranteed savings structures.

Advice, however, offers unique insight. Respondents in the US, Australia, and Ireland are much more likely to seek advice, and be prepared to pay for it, than those in continental Europe. This may be partly due to the legacy of the state-based European systems versus individual-centric Anglo-Saxon approaches--though advice and payment appetites don’t strictly follow this assumption, as evidenced by the UK. An interesting aside: While Swedes are reluctant to seek advice, and expect such advice to be free, they rank highest among the continental countries in terms of accepting individual responsibility for retirement saving.

Preparedness

Here preparedness is defined as individuals’ assessment of whether they have enough to support a comfortable retirement. What constitutes enough can be difficult to evaluate, particularly across countries; therefore, we invited respondents to rank their sense of financial preparedness for retirement. The US led with the highest ranking responses, with a third citing extreme confidence.

The Happiness Formula

Accumulated assets play an important role in determining retirement readiness. But as expressed by survey respondents, people in the best-funded systems are not necessarily the happiest. Instead, savers, sponsors and societies would be better served by an examination of and investment in bettering trust, ownership, and preparedness to further confidence, empowerment, and accountability across the retirement savings complex.

Disclosures

The views expressed in this material are the views of SSGA Defined Contribution as at April 30, 2018, and are subject to change based on market and other conditions.

This document contains certain statements that may be deemed forwardlooking statements. Please note that any such statements are not guarantees of any future performance, and actual results or developments may differ materially from those projected.

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2257911.2.1.GBL.RTL Exp. Date 31 October 2019