Keeping Pace

  • Across the globe, retirement is lasting far longer, posing a financial challenge for individuals and institutions. So far, policies have not adapted to this change.   
  • Our research paper "Global Demographics and Retirement Implications" analyzes the impacts of demographic change and what this means for society and retirement savings systems.

Amlan Roy
PhD, Head of Global Macro Policy Research
Amy Le
CFA, Macro-Investment Strategist, Global Macro Policy Research
Catherine Reilly
Global Head of Research, Defined Contribution
Alistair Byrne
Head of European Investment Strategy, Defined Contribution

We are switching gears. The way we live, work, consume, and save
are changing not only in our market, but across the globe.

As analyzed in our research, these changes are accelerating within retirement savings schemes as the responsibility for funding retirement increasingly falls to the individual, thanks to a shift from traditional defined-benefit pensions to rising defined-contribution constructs. Lifestyle and life-expectancy changes coupled with increased savings autonomy suggest a new retirement paradigm; however, attitudes, policies, and infrastructures haven’t kept pace, creating the potential for significant strain on social systems. But there is an opportunity for governments, employers, and individuals to get ahead of and correct for the societal stress that could come from mismatched population and retirement savings infrastructure dynamics.

At State Street, we have experience with preparing each vital constituent for
the new era of retirement, from participants, to employers, to governments
seeking policy insights. To learn more about how our interdisciplinary team can support your organization in facilitating change, contact us.

The World is Aging

Not only are people living longer, but older people are quickly
becoming the largest cohort across the globe.

Percentage of Population Over 80 in 2045

Retirement Now Lasts Much Longer

People who retire earlier and live longer are facing decades during which expenses must be met.
This new, extended phase in life increases the potential for financial
insecurity, creating a burden on governments, employers, and working

The defined contribution (DC) industry has made great strides helping individuals accumulate retirement savings. However, DC investors must determine how to convert their accumulated assets into a steady source of post-retirement income.

30 May 2018 · By Don Ezra

The ‘Working Life’ Must Be Redefined

Dependency ratios — used to measure the pressure on productive populations by dependent populations
(such as retirees) — are under strain. One solution to both the data and the human experience is to shift the expected working-life boundaries to reflect the new demographic era.

For some, extending working life is not feasible. For others, working longer and more flexibly, could promote:

Such advantages can translate into healthier and more secure citizens, contributing to longer-term
societal benefits.

Stepping Stones to Change

Find Out More

For deeper insight into the global impacts of demographic change on how people work, consume, and save — and what this means for societal and retirement savings infrastructures — read our thinking on Global Demographics and Retirement Implications.


Automatic Enrollment

The practice of enrolling employees in a retirement savings planautomatically, used by some employers to promote participation. Auto-enrolled individuals are given a default savings rate and investment fund, which they can then modify or opt out of entirely.

Automatic Escalation

The automated increase of a participant’s rate of contribution to their defined contribution plan, designed to encourage the participant to save more.

Default Investment Vehicles

Investments used by plan sponsors as the default for any participant whom they have automatically enrolled in a retirement savings plan. 

Defined Benefit Plan

An employer-sponsored retirement plan where employee benefits are derived from a specified formula using factors such as, but not limited to, salary history and duration of employment. Investment risk and portfolio management are entirely under the control of the company.

Defined Contribution Plan

An employer-sponsored retirement plan whereby employees make contributions to accumulate wealth during their working years to provide income in retirement. Often times, an employer will match an employee’s contribution,
up to a certain amount.


Marketing Communication.

United States: State Street Global Advisors, 1 Iron
Street, Boston, MA 02210. T: +1 617 786 3000

Important Information

Investing involves risk including the risk of loss of principal.

The whole or any part of this work may not be reproduced, copied or transmitted or any of its contents disclosed to third parties without SSGA’s express written consent.

The information provided does not constitute investment advice and it should not be relied on as such. It should not be considered a solicitation to buy or an offer to sell a security. It does not take into account any investor’s particular investment objectives, strategies, tax status or investment horizon. You should consult your tax and financial advisor. All material has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable. There is no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the information and State Street shall have no liability for decisions based on such information.

The trademarks and service marks referenced herein are the property of their respective owners. Third party data providers make no warranties or representations of any kind relating to the accuracy, completeness or timeliness of the data and have no liability for damages of any kind relating to the use of such data.

© 2019 State Street Corporation. All Rights Reserved.


Exp. July 31, 2020