EU Paris-Aligned Benchmarks (PABs) and Climate Transition Benchmarks (CTBs) are investment benchmarks that incorporate specific objectives aimed at the reduction of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions and the transition to a lower-carbon economy. They were first introduced in 2019 as tools to accompany the transition to a low-carbon economy by the Technical Expert Group of the European Commission. The recommendations in the TEG Report for PABs and CTBs was then incorporated into the EU Low Carbon Benchmark Regulation in December 2020.
Both PABs and CTBs seek to facilitate investor integration of the objectives set out in the 2015 Paris Agreement into practical capital allocation plans and investment strategies that are environmentally sustainable and inclusive. Importantly, they strive to promote decarbonisation in the real world and facilitate the low-carbon transition to keep the temperature rise well below the 2°C above the pre-industrial levels, and pursue efforts to limit the temperature rise to below 1.5°C.
State Street Global Advisors recognizes the pivotal role investors have in this given the tremendous influence they have in driving change through capital allocation. The establishment of these benchmarks within the EU regulation is also an acknowledgement of the importance of redirecting index-invested assets in addressing the climate challenge. With strict minimum requirements they deliver a comprehensive and structured index approach to addressing climate change.
However, it is also important that investors are mindful of the holistic sustainability approach of their portfolios and benchmarks, making it critical to understand the nuances of their structure as well as have the data and proxies to perform their own analysis and monitoring of their investments.