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Smart Beta ETF Investing: Access Potential Drivers of Return
Smart beta investing seeks to provide a cost-effective, rules-based strategy to potentially outperform a traditional market cap-weighted benchmark. Smart beta ETFs are designed to capture specific factors, or investment characteristics, that drive risk and return — and can do so in a relatively low-cost, systematic manner.
Why Focus on Factors?
Factors—characteristics such as value, quality, size, momentum, volatility and dividend yield — are one of three elements that can drive portfolio returns. Extensive research has shown that factor exposure accounts for 50% to 80% of a portfolio’s excess return above a market cap-weighted benchmark.1
Why Choose Smart Beta ETFs?
Investors use smart beta ETFs to pursue a wide range of goals:
Supplement a traditional index portfolio by accessing factors or risk premia that drive alpha
Mitigate Downside Volatility
Enhance risk-adjusted returns by gaining exposure to factors that tend to perform relatively well during market downturns
Search for Yield
Increase income-generation by tilting a portfolio toward higher-yielding assets
Seek outperformance through vehicles with lower fees and better tax efficiency than actively managed strategies
Access Uncorrelated Returns
Improve portfolio diversification by increasing exposure to factors with lower correlation to the broader market
Ways to Use Smart Beta ETFs
Screens/Tilts to Capture Factor Premia
Six primary factors have historically outperformed the market cap-weighted benchmark. Harnessing the potential of smart beta requires understanding the screens or tilts that can be used to access these factors.
Investors can use single-factor smart beta ETFs to add exposures one at a time based on their market views or needs. This approach can make it easier to attribute performance more precisely and allow investors to tailor the implementation to their specific beliefs and objectives.
Multi-factor smart beta ETFs combine two or more factors to capture a variety of factor risk premia and achieve a diversified exposure. This approach can allow investors to take advantage of diversification benefits across factors while potentially removing some of the performance cyclicality associated with single-factor investments. It also allows investors to address multiple objectives in a cost-efficient way.
State Street’s SPDR smart beta ETFs are built in partnership with the world’s leading index providers and fueled by expertise that comes from more than 25 years of smart beta experience. We pay rigorous attention to the many details — from design to execution — that can add up to important performance and diversification benefits for investors.
A Smart Beta strategy does not seek to replicate the performance of a specified cap-weighted index and as such may underperform such an index. The factors to which a Smart Beta strategy seeks to deliver exposure may themselves undergo cyclical performance. As such, a Smart Beta strategy may underperform the market or other Smart Beta strategies exposed to similar or other targeted factors. In fact, we believe that factor premia accrue over the long term (5-10 years), and investors must keep that long time horizon in mind when investing.
Investing involves risk including the risk of loss of principal.
The whole or any part of this work may not be reproduced, copied or transmitted or any of its contents disclosed to third party
Diversification does not ensure a profit or guarantee against loss.
Issued by State Street Global Advisors, Australia Services Limited (AFSL Number 274900, ABN 16 108 671 441) ("SSGA, ASL"). Registered office: Level 14, 420 George Street, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia · Telephone: 612 9240-7600 · Web: www.ssga.com.
State Street Global Advisors, Australia Services Limited (ASL) (AFSL Number 274900, ABN 16 108 671 441) is the issuer of interests and the Responsible Entity for the ETFs which are Australian registered managed investment schemes quoted on the AQUA market of the ASX or listed on the ASX. This material is general information only and does not take into account your individual objectives, financial situation or needs and you should consider whether it is appropriate for you. You should seek professional advice and consider the product disclosure document, available at www.ssga.com/au, before deciding whether to acquire or continue to hold units in an ETF. This material should not be considered a solicitation to buy or sell a security. ETFs trade like stocks, are subject to investment risk, fluctuate in market value and may trade at prices above or below the ETF's net asset value. ETFs typically invest by sampling an index, holding a range of securities that, in the aggregate, approximates the full index in terms of key risk factors and other characteristics. This may cause the fund to experience tracking errors relative to performance of the index. Investing involves risk including the risk of loss of principal. Diversification does not ensure a profit or guarantee against loss. Holdings and sectors shown are as of the date indicated and are subject to change. This information should not be considered a recommendation to invest in a particular sector or to buy or sell any security shown. It is not known whether the sectors or securities shown will be profitable in the future. Sector ETF products are also subject to sector risk and non-diversification risk, which generally results in greater price fluctuations than the overall market. SPDR and Standard & Poor's® S&P® indices are trademarks of Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC and have been licensed for use by State Street Corporation. The Dow Jones Global Select Real Estate Securities Index is a product of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and has been licensed for use by State Street Global Advisors, ASL. MSCI indices, the property of MSCI, Inc. ("MSCI"), and ASX®, a registered trademark of ASX Operations Pty Limited, have been licensed for use by State Street Global Advisors, ASL. SPDR products are not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by any of these entities and none of these entities bear any liability with respect to the ETFs or make any representation, warranty or condition regarding the advisability of buying, selling or holding units in the ETFs issued by State Street Global Advisors, ASL. State Street Global Advisors Trust Company (ARBN 619 273 817) is the trustee of, and the issuer of interests in, the SPDR® S&P 500® ETF Trust, an ETF registered with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission under the Investment Company Act of 1940 and principally listed and traded on NYSE Arca, Inc. under the symbol "SPY". State Street Global Advisors, ASL is the AQUA Product Issuer for the CHESS Depositary Interests (or "CDIs") which have been created over units in SPY and are quoted on the AQUA market of the ASX. The whole or any part of this work may not be reproduced, copied or transmitted or any of its contents disclosed to third parties without State Street Global Advisors, ASL's express written consent.