Emerging market (EM) debt saw strong returns in July (in USD terms) as it continued to recover from the sell-off earlier in the year. A weaker US dollar, broadly improving business confidence and purchasing managers’ indices (PMI) across Asia and Latin America, and further progress on COVID-19 vaccine trials underpinned gains. A steady rise in the oil price on improving demand, continued fiscal support, accommodative monetary policy from global central banks also provided support over the month.
The unprecedentedly rapid and large monetary and fiscal stimulus put in place by the major global economies fuelled a sharp rebound in emerging bond markets over the quarter
Global risk sentiment continued to improve over the last month as more economies began the slow process of restarting activity. However, a fundamental reappraisal of EM prospects remains underway given the ongoing uncertainties. The re-opening so far has not been followed by a spike in new COVID-19 cases, reassuring markets that the economic normalization process can continue unimpeded for now. In EM, certain regions like Asia (notably China and Korea) and Emerging Europe appear to have controlled the virus relatively well.
Strong liquidity support from both developed market (DM) and emerging market (EM) central banks, sizeable fiscal packages from governments around the world, and some easing in select EM countries’ funding strains through USD swaps with the Fed, have all helped to improve risk sentiment in EM.
Having started 2020 on a firm footing with expectations of a pick-up in global and EM growth and a pause in the US China trade war, the outlook and performance for many asset classes, including EMD, has been upended. The shock to the global economy brought about by the spread of COVID-19, along with the extreme drop in oil prices (WTI down -66% over Q1) have led to a significant increase in volatility and a sharp sell-off in risk assets, many of which rapidly reached levels not seen since the global financial crisis.
Emerging markets (EM) saw a sharp sell-off in February along with other risk assets, as new cases of COVID-19 infections spread around the globe. These significant moves across asset classes were due to fears of a broader and potentially deeper global slowdown from economic disruption brought about by the rapid spread of the virus.
Emerging Market (EM) asset performance was mixed in the opening month of 2020 amid increased geopolitical and coronavirus-related risks. The early part of the month saw raised geopolitical tensions following the US killing of Iran’s General Soleimani.